VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Volatile Organic Compounds are a group of carbon-based chemicals that evaporate easily at room temperature. Some VOC’s contain a high level of smell; few are those which are odorless. For this group of chemicals, the level of odor does not specify the risk of inhalation. In our day to day routine, there are thousands of VOC’s used and produced. Some of the examples are as follows
- Ethylene glycol
- Methylene chloride
What’s in our air
Found in printing ink, paint remover/stripper
Found in paper bags, Waxed papers, Facial tissues, paper towels, Table napkins, particle board, Playwood panelling, and synthetis fabrics
Used to make plastics, resins, synthetic fibers, Rubber lubricants, dyes, detergent, drugs and pesticides. Can also be found in tobacco smoke, vehicle exhausts, gule, paint and furniture wax
Found in printing, rubber, lether and paint industries, tobaco smoke and vehicle exhausts.
Found in window cleners, floor waxes smeling salts and fertilizers
SOURCES OF VOCS
VOCs gases are released from different types of building materials. These materials include composite wood products, sealing caulks, paints, solvents, varnishes and vinyl product. During construction, these gases are released and become a part of the environment.
Home and Personal Care Products
In our domestic usage, numerous things emit VOCs gases from which we are unaware. These products are air cleaners, disinfecting and cleaning chemicals, cosmetics, moth balls, fuel oil and gasoline.
Most of us are unaware of the fact that there are some daily household chores which become a cause of VOC gases release. These behaviors include cooking, smoking, stored paints and chemicals, wood burning stoves and dry cleaning procedures.
EFFECTS OF VOC EXPOSURE ON HEALTH
The Health risk of VOC gases depends upon how much these gas are in the air and how much a person breathes in it. Breathing VOCs for longer period increase the risk of chronic diseases. People who are suffering from asthma or especially are sensitive to chemical gas should avoid exposure to VOC gases as this might be harmful for the health of the patient. Following are the symptoms of VOC exposure
- Throat, nose and Eye infection Vomiting and nause
- Worsening the symptoms if asthma
- Increased risk of:
- Nerve damage
- Liver disease
- Kidney damage
The ideal protective measure is to limit the exposure of the injurious products and material that contain VOC as much as possible. If you think that you might be facing health issue from the VOC exposure then try decreasing the level of these gases. The Latest research has revealed the fact that greater exposure to chemicals and products containing VOC gas upsurges the risk of asthma and has become the major cause of high level of protracted disease in future. People especially young children, those suffering from asthma, aged people and those sensitive to chemicals may face irritation or illness from the chemicals contain VOC. Therefore, it is the necessary to avoid using products and material that become a cause of penetration of VOC gases in the environment and deliver risk of various chronic diseases which are injurious to our health and our surroundings too.